ion-alert

概要(CONTENTS)

Ionic4项目中我们可以使用Ionic4弹窗组件ion-alert对项目进行布局。

ion-alert官方文档地址:https://ionicframework.com/docs/api/alert

An Alert is a dialog that presents users with information or collects information from the user using inputs. An alert appears on top of the app's content, and must be manually dismissed by the user before they can resume interaction with the app. It can also optionally have a header, subHeader and message.

Creating

Alerts can be created using an Alert Controller. They can be customized by passing alert options in the alert controller's create method.

Buttons

In the array of buttons, each button includes properties for its text, and optionally a handler. If a handler returns false then the alert will not automatically be dismissed when the button is clicked. All buttons will show up in the order they have been added to the buttons array from left to right. Note: The right most button (the last one in the array) is the main button.

Optionally, a role property can be added to a button, such as cancel. If a cancel role is on one of the buttons, then if the alert is dismissed by tapping the backdrop, then it will fire the handler from the button with a cancel role.

Inputs

Alerts can also include several different inputs whose data can be passed back to the app. Inputs can be used as a simple way to prompt users for information. Radios, checkboxes and text inputs are all accepted, but they cannot be mixed. For example, an alert could have all radio button inputs, or all checkbox inputs, but the same alert cannot mix radio and checkbox inputs. Do note however, different types of "text" inputs can be mixed, such as url, email, text, etc. If you require a complex form UI which doesn't fit within the guidelines of an alert then we recommend building the form within a modal instead.

ion-alert 用法(Usage)

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { AlertController } from '@ionic/angular';

@Component({
  selector: 'alert-example',
  templateUrl: 'alert-example.html',
  styleUrls: ['./alert-example.css'],
})
export class AlertExample {

  constructor(public alertController: AlertController) {}

  async presentAlert() {
    const alert = await this.alertController.create({
      header: 'Alert',
      subHeader: 'Subtitle',
      message: 'This is an alert message.',
      buttons: ['OK']
    });

    await alert.present();
  }

  async presentAlertMultipleButtons() {
    const alert = await this.alertController.create({
      header: 'Alert',
      subHeader: 'Subtitle',
      message: 'This is an alert message.',
      buttons: ['Cancel', 'Open Modal', 'Delete']
    });

    await alert.present();
  }

  async presentAlertConfirm() {
    const alert = await this.alertController.create({
      header: 'Confirm!',
      message: 'Message <strong>text</strong>!!!',
      buttons: [
        {
          text: 'Cancel',
          role: 'cancel',
          cssClass: 'secondary',
          handler: (blah) => {
            console.log('Confirm Cancel: blah');
          }
        }, {
          text: 'Okay',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Okay');
          }
        }
      ]
    });

    await alert.present();
  }

  async presentAlertPrompt() {
    const alert = await this.alertController.create({
      header: 'Prompt!',
      inputs: [
        {
          name: 'name1',
          type: 'text',
          placeholder: 'Placeholder 1'
        },
        {
          name: 'name2',
          type: 'text',
          id: 'name2-id',
          value: 'hello',
          placeholder: 'Placeholder 2'
        },
        {
          name: 'name3',
          value: 'http://ionicframework.com',
          type: 'url',
          placeholder: 'Favorite site ever'
        },
        // input date with min & max
        {
          name: 'name4',
          type: 'date',
          min: '2017-03-01',
          max: '2018-01-12'
        },
        // input date without min nor max
        {
          name: 'name5',
          type: 'date'
        },
        {
          name: 'name6',
          type: 'number',
          min: -5,
          max: 10
        },
        {
          name: 'name7',
          type: 'number'
        }
      ],
      buttons: [
        {
          text: 'Cancel',
          role: 'cancel',
          cssClass: 'secondary',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Cancel');
          }
        }, {
          text: 'Ok',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Ok');
          }
        }
      ]
    });

    await alert.present();
  }

  async presentAlertRadio() {
    const alert = await this.alertController.create({
      header: 'Radio',
      inputs: [
        {
          name: 'radio1',
          type: 'radio',
          label: 'Radio 1',
          value: 'value1',
          checked: true
        },
        {
          name: 'radio2',
          type: 'radio',
          label: 'Radio 2',
          value: 'value2'
        },
        {
          name: 'radio3',
          type: 'radio',
          label: 'Radio 3',
          value: 'value3'
        },
        {
          name: 'radio4',
          type: 'radio',
          label: 'Radio 4',
          value: 'value4'
        },
        {
          name: 'radio5',
          type: 'radio',
          label: 'Radio 5',
          value: 'value5'
        },
        {
          name: 'radio6',
          type: 'radio',
          label: 'Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 ',
          value: 'value6'
        }
      ],
      buttons: [
        {
          text: 'Cancel',
          role: 'cancel',
          cssClass: 'secondary',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Cancel');
          }
        }, {
          text: 'Ok',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Ok');
          }
        }
      ]
    });

    await alert.present();
  }

  async presentAlertCheckbox() {
    const alert = await this.alertController.create({
      header: 'Checkbox',
      inputs: [
        {
          name: 'checkbox1',
          type: 'checkbox',
          label: 'Checkbox 1',
          value: 'value1',
          checked: true
        },

        {
          name: 'checkbox2',
          type: 'checkbox',
          label: 'Checkbox 2',
          value: 'value2'
        },

        {
          name: 'checkbox3',
          type: 'checkbox',
          label: 'Checkbox 3',
          value: 'value3'
        },

        {
          name: 'checkbox4',
          type: 'checkbox',
          label: 'Checkbox 4',
          value: 'value4'
        },

        {
          name: 'checkbox5',
          type: 'checkbox',
          label: 'Checkbox 5',
          value: 'value5'
        },

        {
          name: 'checkbox6',
          type: 'checkbox',
          label: 'Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6',
          value: 'value6'
        }
      ],
      buttons: [
        {
          text: 'Cancel',
          role: 'cancel',
          cssClass: 'secondary',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Cancel');
          }
        }, {
          text: 'Ok',
          handler: () => {
            console.log('Confirm Ok');
          }
        }
      ]
    });

    await alert.present();
  }

}
async function presentAlert() {
  const alertController = document.querySelector('ion-alert-controller');
  await alertController.componentOnReady();

  const alert = await alertController.create({
    header: 'Alert',
    subHeader: 'Subtitle',
    message: 'This is an alert message.',
    buttons: ['OK']
  });
  return await alert.present();
}

async function presentAlertMultipleButtons() {
  const alertController = document.querySelector('ion-alert-controller');
  await alertController.componentOnReady();

  const alert = await alertController.create({
    header: 'Alert',
    subHeader: 'Subtitle',
    message: 'This is an alert message.',
    buttons: ['Cancel', 'Open Modal', 'Delete']
  });
  return await alert.present();
}

async function presentAlertConfirm() {
  const alertController = document.querySelector('ion-alert-controller');
  await alertController.componentOnReady();

  const alert = await alertController.create({
    header: 'Confirm!',
    message: 'Message <strong>text</strong>!!!',
    buttons: [
      {
        text: 'Cancel',
        role: 'cancel',
        cssClass: 'secondary',
        handler: (blah) => {
          console.log('Confirm Cancel: blah');
        }
      }, {
        text: 'Okay',
        handler: () => {
          console.log('Confirm Okay')
        }
      }
    ]
  });
  return await alert.present();
}

async function presentAlertPrompt() {
  const alertController = document.querySelector('ion-alert-controller');
  await alertController.componentOnReady();

  const alert = await alertController.create({
    header: 'Prompt!',
    inputs: [
      {
        placeholder: 'Placeholder 1'
      },
      {
        name: 'name2',
        id: 'name2-id',
        value: 'hello',
        placeholder: 'Placeholder 2'
      },
      {
        name: 'name3',
        value: 'http://ionicframework.com',
        type: 'url',
        placeholder: 'Favorite site ever'
      },
      // input date with min & max
      {
        name: 'name4',
        type: 'date',
        min: '2017-03-01',
        max: '2018-01-12'
      },
      // input date without min nor max
      {
        name: 'name5',
        type: 'date'
      },
      {
        name: 'name6',
        type: 'number',
        min: -5,
        max: 10
      },
      {
        name: 'name7',
        type: 'number'
      }
    ],
    buttons: [
      {
        text: 'Cancel',
        role: 'cancel',
        cssClass: 'secondary',
        handler: () => {
          console.log('Confirm Cancel')
        }
      }, {
        text: 'Ok',
        handler: () => {
          console.log('Confirm Ok')
        }
      }
    ]
  });
  return await alert.present();
}

async function presentAlertRadio() {
  const alertController = document.querySelector('ion-alert-controller');
  await alertController.componentOnReady();

  const alert = await alertController.create({
    header: 'Radio',
    inputs: [
      {
        type: 'radio',
        label: 'Radio 1',
        value: 'value1',
        checked: true
      },
      {
        type: 'radio',
        label: 'Radio 2',
        value: 'value2'
      },
      {
        type: 'radio',
        label: 'Radio 3',
        value: 'value3'
      },
      {
        type: 'radio',
        label: 'Radio 4',
        value: 'value4'
      },
      {
        type: 'radio',
        label: 'Radio 5',
        value: 'value5'
      },
      {
        type: 'radio',
        label: 'Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 Radio 6 ',
        value: 'value6'
      }
    ],
    buttons: [
      {
        text: 'Cancel',
        role: 'cancel',
        cssClass: 'secondary',
        handler: () => {
          console.log('Confirm Cancel')
        }
      }, {
        text: 'Ok',
        handler: () => {
          console.log('Confirm Ok')
        }
      }
    ]
  });
  return await alert.present();
}

async function presentAlertCheckbox() {
  const alertController = document.querySelector('ion-alert-controller');
  await alertController.componentOnReady();

  const alert = await alertController.create({
    header: 'Checkbox',
    inputs: [
      {
        type: 'checkbox',
        label: 'Checkbox 1',
        value: 'value1',
        checked: true
      },

      {
        type: 'checkbox',
        label: 'Checkbox 2',
        value: 'value2'
      },

      {
        type: 'checkbox',
        label: 'Checkbox 3',
        value: 'value3'
      },

      {
        type: 'checkbox',
        label: 'Checkbox 4',
        value: 'value4'
      },

      {
        type: 'checkbox',
        label: 'Checkbox 5',
        value: 'value5'
      },

      {
        type: 'checkbox',
        label: 'Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6 Checkbox 6',
        value: 'value6'
      }
    ],
    buttons: [
      {
        text: 'Cancel',
        role: 'cancel',
        cssClass: 'secondary',
        handler: () =>